A terraced vegetable garden is capable of transforming an unattractive, landscaped hillside into a spectacularly productive area. Vines like cucumbers can even be draped over the side of the terraced garden, while larger vegetables usually grow behind them. The ideal soil types for vegetable gardening are those which receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day, while any slope which receives at least twelve hours of sun is also suitable. Although it may be tempting to plant carrots and beets in an uneven soil, this is not advisable because their roots will quickly spread all over the surface, destroying the whole planting.
After selecting the best soil for your terraced vegetable garden, you must prepare the soil by making use of tools such as a garden tiller or a digging fork. Once the soil is prepared, you are ready to begin building up the structure of the actual garden. One option is to make use of steel mesh, which can then be laid onto the soil once the tiller is in place. The mesh should be large enough to allow all plants to be equally supported, while small pieces of debris can be tied to the mesh to keep weeds from growing into your garden. The mesh can then be secured around the retaining wall blocks, and a border planted across the bottom of the hillside beds.
After the mesh has been erected, the soil can then be filled with compost or fertilizer, depending on the requirements of your particular plants. Irrigation holes should be dug at regular intervals, and water should be added gradually to insure the growth of healthy plants. For large terraced vegetable gardens, it is recommended that the bedding is changed at least every few weeks, and some specialist plants, like alfalfa, have a tendency to grow wild. This means that they will spread through the beds very quickly, making them impossible to control. For these kinds of gardens, it is important to create a raised bed with a firm and flat base, and the bedding can then be replaced regularly.
Creating A Vegetable Garden In Terrace
In terms of planting, a terraced vegetable garden will require specific kinds of landscape timbers and plants. In the South African regions, where this type of garden has been popular for decades, landscape timbers are often planted in rows, creating a natural look. There are many different types of timbers available, and it is important that the correct ones are used. For example, hollies and doum beads work better in Southern Africa than they do in the United Kingdom. A mix of landscape timbers such as oat straw, and soil, will provide a very attractive and natural finish.
In Western countries, where steep hillsides are commonplace, terraced vegetable gardens can often be built directly onto the slope. However, if you want your garden to have a low impact on the slopes, then you need to add borders to your raised beds. Borders can either be built up along the slope, or along one side of the slope, and these are useful for creating a sense of depth. This can also help to define the boundaries between patches.
When planning a terraced vegetable garden, it is important to think about the position of the sun, and water. If you live in an area that receives little or no sunlight, then you will not be able to grow a range of vegetables that require a lot of sun. Similarly, if you live in an area that receives a lot of rain, then you should consider installing a low drain system to prevent water standing on the soil. If you are growing vegetables that need a lot of water, then it can sometimes be more cost effective to build a raised bed with a shallow base and a deeper gap for draining water. The gap can sometimes be made from concrete or paving slabs.
In The End
With modern gardening technology, there are now several different ways to avoid losing soil when you create terraced vegetable garden beds. One way is to use a combination of tiller and irrigation tools. Tiller wheels will loosen the soil as they turn across it and rakes can help clear away any debris that might otherwise prove too thick for a simple tiller move. Irrigation pipes can be placed below the beds or directly above them, where they run alongside the slopes. Once these are in place, you simply allow the water to run over them, keeping all of your soil in place and helping you to ensure that you are able to harvest a high yield of vegetables.