The rain garden has gained momentum in the modernizing of the world. The world-renowned issues of global warming and scarcity of conventional sources have created positive awareness among people. Therefore, people have now started to collect ideas for implementing ways to save the Earth without compromising their comfort. However, these ways to protect Earth have been quite expensive for people, but then to ensure smooth functioning of the environment they were essential.
Introduction To Rain Garden
The rain garden is essentially a type of greenhouse which can be located in a house’s back or front yard. Moreover, it looks similar to a regular garden, as it comprises of plants and other habitation. However, its function has a broader meaning than a proper garden. Rain gardens are used to soak up running polluted stormwater. Typically, after rains, the stormwater goes in drainage and get contaminated on the way to a sewage treatment plant. So, this type of garden would hold up the water in the yard itself and avoid polluting it.
What Does Rain Garden Include?
Rain garden includes plants and soil. The plant growing soil is plowed in the yard along with some plants such as ferns, small trees, wildflowers, and rushes. The slopes around the garden are in such a way that all water from steps, driveways, parking and rooftop flow in it. The soil in the garden would only allow fresh water to flow in the ground with the help of plant roots. The plants would retain all the nutrients from the water and increase the richness of the soil and land. Moreover, the plants and soil can help in purifying the surrounding water bodies also by not allowing polluted water to mix with it. Thus, rain garden helps in retaining the purity of water in-ground.
Scientific Significance Of Stormwater Saving
The stormwater would get a route to reach the ground level water because most of the roads are paved and so water cannot penetrate quickly through it. The soil has a characteristic to retain the polluted solid waste and allow only water to pass through it, which would improve the purity of the ground level water. The plants would retain the nutrients and stores some of the water which would follow transpiration to move back to the atmosphere in the form of water vapor. Thus, the purity of water is maintained through transpiration of plants and filtration of soil.
Government of some countries such as USA, China, and Australia is trying to implement this concept to improve their groundwater levels. However, the number of people contributing to this science is less as they do not want to use their yards for this purpose. Many people like paved yards so that their children can play there and they can turn it into a parking spot. Hopefully, the concept of rain garden would get accessible around the world, and people would accept the idea. Maybe, this could be the only way to save the fresh water on Earth in the near future.