Water plants are a perfect addition to any home. They add life and color, they don’t need much care to grow, and you can even eat them! This article will tell you the best water plants to grow in your homes so that you can have a little bit of nature inside.
What are water plants
Water plants, also known as hydrophytes, are a class of plants that thrives in watery habitats such as lakes, rivers, and ponds. They can adapt to a variety of water conditions depending on the species – some prefer still waters while others require moving currents. Therefore, when purchasing your water plants take into account the type of environment you’re planning to keep them in.
How to grow them in your home
The great thing about growing water plants is that it’s easy thanks to their low maintenance requirements. All they require is indirect sunlight or artificial light for at least 6 hours per day and a well-lit aquarium or vase filled with fresh clean tap water.
Tips for keeping water plants alive
- When you buy your water plants, choose live ones over plastic or silk versions since they require less care and are more durable in the long run. For example, a plastic plant can last several months while a real one can last up to years!
- To ensure that your water plants stay healthy in their new home, make sure you change a quarter of the water in your vase or aquarium every week with fresh tap water from the faucet.
- If you’re keeping them in a vase it’s important to keep them away from direct sunlight as this will cause the flowers to fade faster. Likewise, if kept outside, they should be placed in an area that receives indirect sunlight as exposure to direct sunlight causes them to lose their vibrant colors.
- If you plan on keeping your water plants outside, choose a spot that is protected from strong winds as they increase the chances of root damage or uprooting especially for tall grasses and reeds.
- Make sure that the containers you’re using have a hole at their base to allow excess water to flow out as this prevents molding and bacterial growth due to excessive moisture buildup inside it.
- Keep your hands away from the flowers since most will fade if constantly handled.
- As most water plants don’t require soil, make sure not to bury any part of its roots when planting it in the vase or aquarium since doing so can cause suffocation.
- Alternatively, you can tie the plant to a piece of driftwood or rock which helps secure it in place and makes your vase look more attractive at the same time!
- If properly cared for, water plants produce oxygen during sunlight hours which is great for people who are sensitive to airborne allergens such as dust mites, mold spores, and pollen that are found in common household locations like carpets, pillows, and upholstery. However, if you’re allergic to pollen then it’s best to keep the water plants out of direct contact with human skin since they carry minute amounts of pollen on their surfaces even though this is usually too small to be considered hazardous under normal conditions.
Benefits of having water plants
The benefits of having water plants in your home include aesthetic value since they help create a peaceful and relaxing environment while reducing stress levels at the same time. They’re also an excellent way of introducing living organisms into your household while providing you with cleaner air by removing toxins such as formaldehyde which is commonly found in paints, waxes, PVC products, and insulation materials that are used during construction.
Types of water plants
Common aquarium ornaments like Anubias nana, Nymphaea alba, Crinum calamistratum, etc are great for beginners since they are easy to grow and maintain. Meanwhile, Echinodorus bleheri , Cryptocoryne wendtii , Potamogeton crispus are fantastic options for those looking for low maintenance water plants which are ideal for beginners.
Popular water plants varieties
Here are some popular water plants varieties that you can grow in your homes:
1. Amazon Sword Plant: Amazon sword plants can be propagated by cutting the stems and planting them in water. They need strong lighting and need to be fertilized with iron-rich fertilizer monthly.
2. Dollar weed: The dollar weed is propagated by its runners. They require strong lighting and are fed with iron-rich fertilizer every month.
3. Fittonia: Fittonia is propagated by seeds, cuttings, or divisions of the rhizomes. They require strong lighting and are fed with iron-rich fertilizer monthly.
4. Java Fern: Java Ferns can grow up to 12 inches long if it is propagated in a bigger container. They need to be attached to rocks and wood and can be fed with liquid fertilizer monthly.
5. Parlor Palm: The parlor palm needs medium lighting and gets moisture by spraying its leaves regularly. It is propagated through seeds or stem cuttings and does not require much fertilization.
6. Money Plant: The money plant requires medium lighting and humidity for its growth. They are propagated by their runners and do not need regular watering once they become established plants.
7. Arrowhead Plant: This plant prefers bright light but no direct sunlight, thus it can grow in water in rooms that receive little light like the kitchen or bathroom provided the range hood is always on while cooking which effectively keeps the air moist in the room.
8. Grapes: Grapes need a lot of space to grow and can be propagated by cuttings, layering, or seeds. They need high humidity but strong lighting and are mostly fed with nitrogen-rich fertilizers in their early days after being planted in soil.
9. Calathea Plant: This plant is easy to grow inside your home because it likes bright light and does not like direct sunlight on its leaves. It is propagated by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings and can be fed with high-phosphorus fertilizer during all stages of growth.
10. Mother of Pearl Plant: The mother of pearl plant requires medium lighting but needs humidity for its healthy growth. It is propagated by stem cuttings or leaf cuttings and does not require much fertilization.
11. Algae: Algae thrive well in water provided there is a lot of light and movement because they need oxygen-rich water as well as sunlight for their growth. They are known as pond scum but can easily grow inside your homes as long as it is provided with the conditions that algae need to survive.
12. Arrow Arum: The arrow arum needs at least a 12-inch pot, medium lighting, and moist soil to thrive. They are propagated by seeds or division of the corms and do not need much fertilization provided they have moist soil.
13. Sweet flag grass: This plant prefers wet soil but does not like a lot of water in its roots so take care to place it in a pot so that excess water from watering flows out from the holes on the bottom of the pot. It is best grown from rhizome cuttings and needs little fertilizer as well as fertile soil if grown indoors.
14. Lemna Plant: Lemna requires low light levels for its healthy growth but may wilt when exposed to too much sunlight. It can be propagated by stem or root cuttings and does not need fertilization provided the soil it is growing in is fertile.
15. Azolla: Azolla thrives well in water provided there is a lot of light and movement because they need oxygen-rich water as well as sunlight for their growth. They are known as pond scum but can easily grow inside your homes as long as it is provided with the conditions that algae need to survive.
How to use these plants
1). Remember to always wash your container thoroughly before adding any substrate or plant roots, this will ensure a healthy environment where there’s no contamination from chemicals or salt which may harm your plants and fish if left behind due to residue.
2). Always place a piece of driftwood or stones at the base of your aquarium after filling it with water to prevent overheating which will happen if you don’t put any substrate and allow for better oxygen flow.
3). Don’t forget to feed your fish and plants, this is so important because these plant varieties need nutrients from fish waste to thrive well without harming them.
4). Keep track of the pH level of the water as this determines how much fertilizer should be added into the water, otherwise, you may kill your plants, and salt levels too high can affect the health of your fishes.
5). Always remember to change around 25-30% of your tank’s total volume every two weeks to keep a clean and healthy environment for your fishes and plants.
If you need help with your plants, we’ve put together a list of the best water plants to grow in your homes. These are great for newbies and experts alike because they can tolerate varying light levels and water conditions. They also require very little maintenance!