What Does a Landscape Designer Do

landscape designer

A landscape architect designs outdoor spaces and structures, using the disciplines of landscape architecture, botany, urban planning, engineering and horticulture. The landscape architect is responsible for creating a seamless visual experience, from the planting of trees and plants, to landscape maintenance and design. A landscape architect’s goal is to create a “work of art,” using the science of plants and earth works, and the understanding of human interactions, in order to enhance the environment and landscape of their architectural creations.

The science of plants is the basis of the landscape designer’s knowledge of plant species selection for a particular site, design, structure, and function. Plant species selection is based on climate, soil type and availability of nutrients and water. The selected plants are used to improve the site by improving the existing soils, increasing fertility of the soil, and providing protection from local environmental factors such as heat and sun. Many landscape architects use scientific knowledge and research to guide the design process.

Designing Residential Gardens

A man and a woman sitting on a bench

Designing Residential GardensDesigners create buildings, park structures and gardens for commercial, residential and civic uses. Some landscape architects also specialize in designing residential gardens. All landscape architects must have a written citation needed for professional licensing. This citation is referred to as a Professional Claim.

There are several components involved in the process of designing a new structure or a new garden. First, the landscape designer must determine what will be the theme or “look” for the project. Second, the landscape designer will work with the property owner to select appropriate plants and trees for the area. Next, during the design process the landscape designer will determine the location of structures, utilities, lighting, benches, walkways, etc.

State Requirements And Codes

A woman standing in front of a body of water

Landscape architects must follow strict State requirements and codes. Professional landscape designers must pass a rigorous examination given by the Board of License Extension in New York or the similar board in any other state. Landscape designers must be licensed in each state in which they work. The majority of states require professional landscape designers to be certified in each state in which they apply.

A landscape designer will visit the site to inspect the entire property. They will gather information about the location, size, and general placement of utilities and structures such as houses, pools, roads and trails. The designer may decide where certain plants should be placed, how they should be arranged, and what color and type of foliage they should include. A good designer will take into consideration aesthetic factors as well as practical considerations for the best placement of plants.

Planting Plants

Planting plants is not the only task of a landscape designer. They must plan out a budget for all of the flowers, shrubs, trees, and plants that will be used in the yard. This will include both outdoor and indoor plants. A good designer will keep track of all budgets and ensure everything is paid on time.

Many times when people think of a landscape designer job description, they assume someone will be designing a beautiful garden. A landscape architect does far more than just plant trees. They use trees to line walks or form water features. They use them to create patios, arbors, ponds, and pools, and can even incorporate plants into their designs. They have much more to offer than just plants though!

A Backyard, Gazebo, Or Patio

Landscape architects are responsible for adding all elements of design to a location. They often are called upon to integrate building materials and structures into the surroundings. For example, if a home was to be built with stone flooring, then landscape designers may have to figure out how to properly use this material and where it would best suit the home. They also have to be able to work with all kinds of budgets. Many times they are called upon to recreate a park or natural landscape within a studio or other space.

In some cases, professional landscape designers are called upon to recreate outdoor living spaces such as a backyard, gazebo, or patio. These outdoor spaces are often created for special occasions such as weddings or pool parties. They are also used for play areas for kids. When it comes to designing outdoor spaces, a professional landscape designer has many options. They can create a serene outdoor oasis or they can architect a vibrant outdoor entertainment area.


Some landscape designers start their own companies and operate as full-time professionals. This means that they work exclusively from home. Others may only work part-time as freelance landscape designers. Landscape designers can find work in both fields depending on their abilities and experience. Some designers start out as interns while others choose to focus on a specific type of landscape design.

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